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Sick Fish? Diseases in Koi and Ponds? Dr Johnson's Health Pages Here.

Fishdoc Information is HERE. Also handily searchable and ultimately readable.

About the Book I Wrote:

Koi Health & Disease: Everything You Need To Know 2nd Edition
A lot of experience is in this book and keeping it simple is important. Buy on Amazon

NOTE: The "Sporn Halter" I'm always talking about....(Link)

NOTE: Do not give PORK bones. Please.

NOTE: Your dog WILL NOT STARVE when you feed dry dog food offered dry.

NOTE: Fish Health Pages here in DrJohnson.net

Search Any Word In Your Case Notes For Further Resources:

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"BCS Body Condition Score"

BCS means Body Condition Score.
It's on a scale from 1 through 7

BCS 1: Emaciated and if someone saw him they'd want to put him to sleep or put you in jail. All ribs showing, tail segments visible, and head muscles sunken-in. The starving dogs you see on TikTok.

BCS 1 - Click for another BCS1
This is a BCS 1 - Click the image to see another example of this BCS

BCS 2: Too lean, with all ribs showing and no fat on the dog at all. Head and legs aren't really "sunken in" but his veins show everywhere and his spine is boney and evident. This isn't "terrible" but there is NO need for any dog to be THIS skinny. It's not nice.

BCS 2 - Click for another BCS2
This is a BCS 2 - Click the image to see another example of this BCS

BCS 3: LEAN. My estimation of "longevity-perfection" with only four ribs showing, there's some fat on the dog, and the muscles are defined and bulgey. He's got plenty to eat, but it's high quality, low carb and carefully measured. He's LEAN. This is how my dog "Ajax" is. All I do is feed him 1 level kitchen cup of food twice a day. He weighs 60 pounds. So easy.

BCS 3 - Click for another BCS3
This is a BCS 3 - Click the image to see another example of this BCS

BCS 4: In nature this is "perfect" with no ribs showing but ALMOST. When they sit down, there's practically no "roll" of skin hanging over the knees. Their body tapers when viewed from the top AND from the sides. You can pick up the skin on their backs. These guys are NOT lean but they are just what Mother Nature would grant a dog getting just the right amount of food.

BCS 4+ is a BCS 4 except it's at the TOP END before it hits a BCS 5. The BCS 5 is "practically fat" but a BCS4+ is *almost* fat. In particular, it REALLY means this: From the side they're a BCS4, but from the TOP they're a BCS5. So I call them a BCS 4+

They're on the way to overweight. It's not good for their backs. Legs. Hearts.

BCS 4 - Click for another BCS4
This is a BCS 4 - Click the image to see another example of this BCS

BCS 5: This is the super-common residential "kinda tubular" thick bodied guys that get too much food, too many treats and not enough exercise. They're "just-okay" at this weight, but it's rushing their "arthritis-days" a little. In small dogs, a "five" score is increasing blood pressure and stressing the heart. You can put the brakes on arthritis and downregulate aging by feeding the right amount of food. (Easy to Understand Chart Click Here)

BCS 5 - Click for another BCS5
This is a BCS 5 - Click the image to see another example of this BCS

BCS 6: These dogs are beyond residential and are equally 'tubular' when viewed from the side and the top. When they sit down, there's a roll over the knees. They're "slowing down" and barely eating at this size, and they're close to rupturing knee ligaments. Your fingers can go through fat to find a rib. Most of this size dog won't take dry food served dry-and-plain. So to cause weight loss, that's all you do.

BCS 6 - Click for another BCS6
This is a BCS6 - Click the image to see another example of this BCS

BCS 7: These dogs are losing mobility and they are nearly twice their ideal weight. Close to, or over 100% overweight. The head is the narrowest part of the body besides the tail. The neck and waist are both wider than the head and the legs cannot be observed when the dog is viewed from the top. The torso defines a 'head-to-tail' horizon BELOW the knees and BELOW the elbows. When seated the knees disappear under a roll of adipose. The undertail is sticky and unclean because the dogs can't bend around to self-maintain and there's a "ledge" of fat at the base of the tail that shrouds the whole undertail. These "BCS Sevens" are the most satisfying because weight loss is super-quick and easy. These dogs won't eat any dry food. All you do is measure, and feed ONLY dry food. BAM.

BCS 7 - Click for another BCS7
This is a BCS7 - Click the image to see another example of this BCS

DO THIS:  Download THIS Feeding Page.

#bcs #bcsscore

Oxyfresh has been around a VERY long time and still hasn't been surpassed. I love the water additive. I recommend it's made fresh daily with distilled water, and for bad mouths - double strength. Always safe. this will NOT dissolve tartar but it will kill germs, reduce pus and infection and keep teeth from getting "bad" if they're not already. Kit includes gel and brushes.

Oxyfresh complete dental kit.

BABYLTRL Dog Cone Collar for After Surgery, Soft Pet Recovery Collar for Dogs and Cats, Adjustable Cone Collar Protective Collar for Small Medium Large Dogs Wound Healing

Anymore these days companies are NOT making cones that are long enough to protect feet, OR stop head shaking. You really just need a cone. And this is the most important part - YOU HAVE TO BE ABLE TO FIX IT TO THE COLLAR because NO CONE is tight enough to resist a back foot pushing on it. And they'll do it! (Buy The Right One on Amazon)

Something else I found for my dog "Ajax" that's cool:

Sporn Dog Halter STOPS "pulling and tugging" NOW. (Link)

This is what I use now, with my dog Ajax. I used to use the Gentle Leader, but I didn't like including his face in the thing. Now, this just goes around his chest and he DOES NOT PULL ANY MORE. It's great! Amazon.com has it.

Dog Canine K9 Knee Stifle Brace Wrap

Labra Dog Canine K9 Knee Stifle Brace Wrap Metal Hinged Flexible Support Treat ACL CCL Luxating Patella Cruciate Ligament Sprain Strain Tear Injuries

I couldn't get behind these until this one came out. It has a strap that keeps the thing from sliding down. THAT strap has a strap that keeps the thing from rolling down off the dog's rump. And the whole thing does NOT wrap around his weiner area (which would have been fine for a female dog of course) so this one has THREE key engineering points.

Buy the proper knee brace and put it on tight! 

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